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Hank Young




Contemporary Issues


Comments & News Articles

Indigenous Recognition in Constitution: On 27 March 2014 the Minister for Indigenous Affairs appointed a Review Panel under the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples Recognition Act 2013 to assess Australia's readiness to support a referendum to recognise Indigenous Australians in our Constitution.

Contours and prospect for Indigenous recognition in the Australian constitution

Indigenous constitutional recognition and the temptation  of symbolism over substance

ABC Indigenous News - Reports & Analysis - Sport

Increased Indigenous representation in Parliament welcome

Issues affecting Indigenous Australians:

Tales of Sorrow Apology - sorry it's taken so long
Brendon Nelson Engaging with Indigenous Australia
Indigenous Lost Generation Historical Interactions (Aboriginies & European Pastoralists)
Malcolm Fraser A Guide to Australia's Stolen Generation
Australia says sorry Social Justice and Human Rights
Reconciliation Australia School Resources RightsEd: Bringing the home
Symbolism not enough Stolen Generation Art Comes Home
Stolen Generation: ART The Social, Cultural and Historical Context
Civics and Citizenship Aboriginal Socities: The Experience of Contact
Impact of Social Darwinism Racism and Indigenous People in Australia
Protests against Intervention Indigenous and non-Indigenous Approaches
Questions and Answers Non-Indigenous/Aboriginal Relations
Aboriginal Reconciliation Protocols for Consultation and Negotiation
National Reconciliation Week 2016 National Reconciliation Week Resources
Aboriginal newspapers & magazines Learning about Aboriginal Histories and Cultures
Ecology and Society Bridging the Gap or Crossing a Bridge?

The Apology

Historic Apology to the Stolen Generation - Wednesday 13 February 2008

Apology to the Indigenous Peoples Speech Kevin Rudd
The Apology Sorry Day & Stolen Generation 
Sorry Australia Says Sorry
Paul Keating Speech Stolen Generations Images

Multimedia Presentations

Apology comes too late



 Protest Movements

Aboriginal Protest Movements (1940s - 1972) Gains from the Protest Movement 
Indigenous Australia Timeline (1901 - 1969) Charles Perkins - Freedom Ride
Aboriginal Reconciliation Aboriginality and the Land
Australian Aboriginal History The Fight for Civil Rights
Freedom Fighters Indigenous Freedom Fighters
Student Action For Aborigines
Charles Perkins (Aboriginal Activist) Freedom fighters images


Black Armband:  The `Black Armband' history has come to define a growing reappraisal of Australia's past, demonstrated through public remembrances like Sorry Day. It was a label of derision, a blanket term designed to dismiss increasingly critical approaches to Australian history as unnecessarily bleak and overly `emotional'. This `black Armband' tag was a strategic conservative swipe at histories that revealed Australia's past as racist and violent... "History in Black and White: A Critical Analysis of the Black Armband Debate" by Anna Clark.

Black Armband History The History Wars in Australia
Perspectives on Black Armband History The Black Armband Debate


The Black Arm Band: The mission of The Black Arm Band is to perform, promote and celebrate contemporary Australian Indigenous music to the highest possible professional standard as a symbol of resilience and hope in the spirit and action of reconciliation. "The Black Arm Band reminds me of the long struggle and the long journey we've been on. 30 years ago we were marching for justice down the city streets, but now we're telling our stories in the concert halls". Archie Roach, The Black Arm Band.


The Hank Young Foundation - PO Box 590, Ormeau QLD 4208.    |   Ph: 07 3807 5541   Fax: 07 3807 5620
Trustee: Koorie Welfare & Education Pty Ltd. (Inc in VIC) Reg Office: Suite 11 Midway Arcade. Eltham VIC 3095. ABN 42631491 436